Phiv, Histocytologie and plant cell imaging platform


Histology is the branch of the biology which examines tissues. The purpose is to explore their composition, their structure, their renewal, as well as the cell-to-cell communications therein.

Cytology, is a discipline of biology focussed the cells and their constituants, their vital processes as well as their mechanisms of evolution.

Histocytology, allows through various techniques such as Histochemistry, Histoenzymology, Histohybridization, Histoimmunolocalization as well as infrastructural Cytology (Transmission Electron Microscopy or TEM , Scanning Electron Microscopy or SEM) to approach the various structure-function relationships at the cell-to-tissue level.

I.e. to connect of the assets of the traditional (Anatomy) and molecular (in situ Hybridization, Immunolocalisation) Histology, allowing to understand the adaptive mechanisms, at the histocytologic level, of the main physiological functions of the plants. Histocytology becomes the essential complement of various disciplines, unavoidable on each time a biological phenomenon must be reported to an alive structure, organ, tissue, cell or organelles.

The histocytological approach has, these last years, largely widened its possibilities of investigation, in particular for the dynamic study of the living world. This enrichment was made possible by the improvement of micoscopes (Confocal, Multiphoton) and the development of increasingly powerful fluorescent probes.

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